Kratak pregled engleske gramatike
In English, imperative sentences are formed simply by inversion of the verb's position. The main verb form is used.
Open the door, please.
Go to the grocery store.
Please read this article.
Give me some butter, please.
In the first person plural the form let's + verb is used. It is formed from the verb 'let' and a shortened form of the pronoun 'us'.
Let's go to the movies.
Let's finish this work before noon.
The negative form of the Imperative requires use of the auxiliary verb 'to do' with the particle 'not':
Do not come here any more.
The contraction 'don't' is more common:
Don't even think about it.
Note that the auxiliary verb must be used with all verbs, including 'to be' and 'to do':
Don't be ridiculous.
Don't do this.
The first person plural is the only.
Let's not return here anymore.
General negations in English are constructed with the help of the negative form of the predicate. In modern English the negative particle 'not' can only be used with auxiliary and modal verbs.
Dinner is ready. Dinner is not ready.
She can do it. She cannot do it ('can' is always written together with 'not').
You should go to the office and fill out the application. You should not go to the office and fill out the application.
They had arrived before the show ended. They had not arrived before the show ended.
I have been at this train station already. I have not been at this train station yet.
Simple present and past tenses must include the negative form of the verb 'to do' for negation.
He runs fast. He does not run fast.
I liked the movie. I did not like the movie.
As in questions an auxiliary verb takes over the indication of grammatical categories, leaving the main verb in its dictionary form.
Of all auxiliary and modal verbs only 'need' and 'to have to' require use of the auxiliary 'to do' to form negative sentences:
I don't need to be there. You didn't have to come.
When used independently, 'to do' and 'to have' require use of the auxiliary 'to do' like all other full-meaning verbs:
Mary didn't do it. I don't have any money on me.
It is common to use a contracted form of the negative particle in everyday language. It is written together with the verb: don't, didn't, haven't, hadn't, aren't, weren't, isn't, wasn't, couldn't, mustn't, shouldn't, wouldn't. Note stem changes in can't, won't (will + not).
In addition to using the particle 'not', negative sentences may be formed with the help of negative words: no; never; nowhere; nothing; nobody; no one; none; neither; neither...nor. Every negative pronoun, adverb, or conjunction has its indefinite counterpart: any, ever, anywhere, anything, anybody; anyone, one, either, either...or. The main rule here is that only one negative word, counting the particle 'not', is allowed in a sentence; other potential negative words must be used in the indefinite form.
I have no idea.
He doesn't have any money.
They never say anything to anyone.
You will tell him nothing!
Nobody goes anywhere.
She is nowhere to be found. I see neither him nor her.
Osnovne fraze i izrazi
Welcome to our Website - Dobro došli na naš sajt !
INTRODUCTION — UPOZNAVANJE
|May I introduce myself ? ||Dozvolite da vam se predstavim.|
|Let me introduce myself to you. My name is M. N. || Dopustite mi da se predstavim. Moje ime je M. N.|
|Would you kindly introduce me to this gentleman. || Budite ljubazni da me predstavite gospodinu.|
|Allow me to introduce you to Miss A.? ||Dopustite mi da vas predstavim gospođici A. |
|Are you Miss A. ? ||Jeste li vi gospođica A.? |
|Yes, I am. ||Da, ja sam. |
|Oh! It's you. I'm so glad to meet you (or: make your acquaintance), my brother has told me so much about you.
||Ah! to ste vi. Veoma mi je milo
da se upoznam sa vama (ili: što
sam se sa vama upoznao), moj
brat mi je mnogo o vama govorio.|
|Let me introduce Mr. B. to you. ||Dopustite mi da vam predstavim gospodina B. |
|Are you Mr. B. ? || Vi ste gospodin B. ? |
|Yes, that is my name. || Da, tako se zovem.|
|Whom have I the pleasure of addressing ? || Sa kime imam čast da govorim ? |
|Whom have I the honour of speaking to?||Sa kime imam čast da govorim |
INVITATION — POZIV
|Would you come to see us this
evening?||Hoćete li doći večeras kod nas? |
|Do come and see me.||Posetite me ipak jednom.|
| Let's make a date.||Utvrdićemo dan.|
| Let's fix a meeting some day next week. ||Hajde da utvrdimo sastanak jednoga
dana sledeće nedelje.|
|Why don't drop in?||Zašto ne svratite? |
| Will you do me the favour? ||Hoćete li mi učniti zadovoljstvo
(da me posetite)? |
|Sorry to have to decline the
invitation, I have a previous
engagement.||Žao mi je sto moram da odbijem
poziv, jer imam jednu raniju
| I shall be very glad if you'll look
in for a chat some evening.|| Biće mi veoma milo ako dođete
malo na razgovor neke večeri. |
| Drop in any time you please
Svratite kod nas kad vam se ɵini
da je zgodno.|
| Call on us any time you feel
like it.|| Dođite kod nas kad vam je
|When are you at home? ||Kada ste kod kuće?|
|Do come over to us sometimes. || Dođite kod nas jednom.|
|Dont make yourself scarce. || Nemojte tako retko da se
| When may I expect you? ||Kad mogu da vas očekujem?|
|Will five o'clock suit you? || Da li će vam biti zgodno u pet časova?|
|I am so happy to see you again. || Veoma sam srećan što vas ponovo
|I am somewhat early, I hope I am
not disturbing.|| Dolazim nešto ranije, nadam se
da vam neću smetati.|
| I must apologize, I am rather late. || Moram da se izvinim, ja sam